When you have a slow drain in your home, you can try some at-home remedies before calling in a professional plumber. If the reason for the slow drain is a clog near the entrance of the drain, then you should be able to handle this problem on your own. If the slow drain is due to a more systemic issue with your plumbing system, at home remedies won't be effective.
Baking Soda and Vinegar Combination
When combined together, baking soda and vinegar will foam up. This reaction between the two materials acts as abrasive when poured down a drain. If the clog is small, this is a good first step to try. Baking soda and vinegar are inexpensive, and both materials are non-toxic. Sprinkle some baking soda into the drain, and then pour vinegar into the baking soda. This simple trick may solve the problem of a slow drain without the use of harsh chemicals.
The Drain Snake
If you want to try to remove a clog manually, using a drain snake is another at home remedy you can try. The snake is a pliable length of metal tubing that is used to either push a clog through or pull a clog back up through the drain. Drain snakes can get messy fast, so this is not a great remedy for someone that doesn't want to get their hands dirty.
Regular Drain Cleaners
Most people try to use a commercial drain cleaner when they have a clogged drain. This is easy to do by simply following the directions on the bottle. This method can get expensive if you try more than one cleaner to fix the problem.
If the drain continues to be slow, check other drains within your home to see if they are slow too. If you notice more than one slow drain in your home, this is indicative of a bigger problem with your plumbing system. When your home is affected in more than one drain, this is a sign that there is a problem with your main sewer line.
When your main sewer line is partially clogged, water throughout your home will have trouble draining out of your house. Left untreated, this clog will eventually become a hazard. Water will not be able to leave your home and you will experience water backup in any or all drains in your home. This includes the backup of sewage that is unable to leave your home.
If at home remedies have not worked, and you see slow drains in more than one drain, it's time to call in a professional to handle the problem. Check out websites like http://calldoctorfixit.com for more info.