If you live in a rural area or somewhere that doesn't have a main sewer system, you will need to get a septic tank system. There are two main types of systems, including conventional and advanced systems. Here are some things to know about each so you can decide which one is best for your home.
Conventional systems, also referred to as traditional systems, are the most common septic tank systems. A conventional septic tank system takes waste from your plumbing system and transports it down the drains, then into a septic tank on your property. The waste is separated from the water while in the tank. The waste remains in the tank, while the water exits the tank and enters the drainage field.
There are different distribution methods for a conventional system, beginning with gravity flow. Gravity helps to push out the water from the septic tank, guiding it to the drainfield. This is ideal if you have a sloped grade, since gravity helps to move it along. The other type is pressure distribution, which has a pump installed to move the water out of the tank with air pressure. This is necessary when you have your tank and drainfield on flat ground and gravity does not provide enough assistance to move the wastewater from the tank.
The newer septic systems are called advanced systems. They use updated technology to provide water treatment when the waste and water is still in the septic tank. Some advanced systems have sand filters, which involves putting the wastewater through sand in order to filter it before it enters your drainfield.
There is the sand-mount system, which puts the waste onto a raised area in the drain field. It filters sand and soil, making a good quality soil naturally from the waste. Lastly, there is aerobic treatment. This uses oxygen to break down the solids in the tank more quickly. It can also use microorganisms to break down solids in the wastewater to keep your soil cleaner.
These are the main systems available if you need to get a septic tank on your property. Talk to a plumber if you are having trouble deciding which is best for you. In some cases, you can choose any type you like, though in other cases, your property's grade determines what is best for you. The cost of each system might also end up leading you toward one option or another.
For professional plumbing services, contact a company such as Roto Rooter.